Providing supportive housing for individuals experiencing homelessness who are identified as active substance users resulted in lower rates of SUD-related ED visits and hospitalizations compared to individuals not placed in supportive housing. Over the two-year follow-up period, individuals in supportive housing also were significantly more likely to initiate a new SUD outpatient treatment than individuals who were homeless.
Study participants were part of New York/New York III, a partnership between the state and city of New York to create 9,000 units of supportive housing. Individuals placed in housing received services to improve access to care, but their housing was not dependent on initiation of SUD treatment or abstinence from alcohol or drug use, similar to the “Housing First” model. The results suggest that supportive housing programs can impact acute care utilization and improve health outcomes.